How To Choose The Right Type Of Embroidery Stabilizer?


Every person who has worked with embroidery and sewing machines has encountered the problem of a finished design beginning to pucker after it has been removed from the embroidery hoop. The design can be perfect in every other way, but if you don’t use the right stabilizer for the fabric, thread, and design that you’re working with, then puckering is an inevitable problem.

Why Stabilizers are Needed?

Fabric manufacturers do not intend any density to be added to the material and therefore embroidery projects, where you add lots of extra weight and stitches that tighten the base fabric will result in puckering if you don’t utilize a stabilizer on your design.

Types Of Embroidery Stabilizer

There are many different kinds of stabilizers to choose from, each of which offers its own benefits. Here are a few hints for choosing the right stabilizer based on your project. The next video will give you a general explanation of which types of backing and topping are available and how and when to use them:

  • Permanent Backing– If you’re working with a very high stitch density embroidery design then you will need a strong, permanent stabilizer. Backing comes in several varieties including mesh, interfacing, cut away and tear away styles.
  • Temporary Backing– The liquid, spray and foam adhesive types, including melt away and iron away varieties, of stabilizers are good for those medium density designs, especially when working with lighter weight materials. These stabilizers provide the more temporary solution you need to prevent puckering that immediately occurs after removing a design from the embroidery hoop.
  • Permanent Topping– Stabilizers are also used to seal in the appearance of a design. Color stabilizers, for example, are designed to encapsulate the thread of your embroidery design in order to prevent light and water damage that are common causes of color breaking down with certain thread fibers. Iron on stabilizers are among the easiest permanent topping stabilizers to use and can make easy work of perfecting an embroidery design project on your embroidery and sewing machines.

Stabilizing Basics For Sewing And Embroidery Machine

The fabric which you embroider on must be stabilized in order to avoid folds and other difficulties during the sewing process.

The stabilizing method depends on the type of the embroidery sewing machine and the density level of the embroidery design.  For example, stretch fabrics or large embroidery designs require a higher level of stabilizing.

Usually, the stabilizers are added above or underneath the fabric.  There are different types of stabilizers.  Some stabilizers are torn off when sewing is finished.  There is special nylon that dissolves in water or disappears by heat.  Some stabilizers stick to the fabric.  There are yet other types of special net fabrics for stabilizing.  In some cases, it is necessary to combine more than one method.

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